Core Features of Autism: Impact on Life Skill Development

Autism is recognised as a spectrum disorder due to the wide-ranging individual presentations.

Every person with autism is a unique individual with their own strengths and differences. There are, however, core features which make autism distinct from other diagnoses and which affect typical development.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM 5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) (https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm) and The International Classification of Diseases 10 Version:2016 (World Health Organisation, 2016) (http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/L14) list core diagnostic features for autism, these diagnostic tools, alongside ongoing research and accounts from individuals with autism, provide a comprehensive profile of differences which exist in autism.